Diet in hepatic fidorders

Liver diseases require the long-term and complex treatment. Proper diet is the main component of this complex.

To achieve the positive results in the treatment of liver diseases is possible only by following the special diet therapy. The diet should assist to restore the functional state of the liver and normalize the metabolism of the body. Since the appetite is compromised in the liver diseases, the food should be not only easily digestible, but delicious.

The diet should be high in protein, fiber, minerals and vitamins, but the fat, especially animal one, should be limited. You also need to limit the use of products enhancing the secretion of the digestive juices. Timeing of food intake plays an important role in the diet. It is preferable to eat often - 4-6 meals throughout the day.

Proteins

The diet should include milk and a variety of the dairy products, meat and fish, but it is better not to eat too many the eggs: a small portion of the omelet will be sufficient 2-3 times per week.

Fats

A very important aspect of the diet is to limit (but not completely avoid) the fats. The daily intake of fat should not exceed 100 g. The best ratio is 70% of animal fat and 30% of vegetable fat. It is essential to include both types of the fat in the diet, as used together, they have a more pronounced lipotropic effect and this diet is more effective. It is desirable to use the products in which animal fat is bound to the protein, such as meat, cheese, fish. As for the vegetable fats, it is best to use the sunflower seed and olive oil. 

Carbohydrates

Their content must match the normal physiological range: 400-500 grams. The proportion of the simple carbohydrates, which include sugar, honey, bakery food, should not exceed 100 g. It is not recommended to exceed the specified amount, as it may lead to the increased deposition of fat in the liver cells.

 

Cooking

The way of cooking and temperature are the very important aspects. The dishes should be warm, the temperature extremes are very harmful to the liver. The first courses should not contain the fried seasoning, also it is necessary to avoid soups cooked with the meat broth. The best option includes the vegetable broths, you can add a piece of butter or cream to the soup. The chopped dill or parsley is very useful in such first course.

Thorough cooking is very important. Preference should be given to the boiled dishes. if necessary the food can be strained.

 

Forbidden food

Fat meat and poultry, fried food, rich broth, beans, canned food, smoked meat products, chocolate, cocoa, alcoholic beverages, ice cream, cream cakes are strictly forbidden in the liver diseases.

This list should be adjusted with the treating doctor and you should strictly follow the specified restrictions. In this case, your liver will grateful to you, and it will eventually become a healthy organ. After all, the chances to cure a liver disease are quite high. The most important aspect is the right attitude and some willpower.

 


Dietary recommendations No. 5 in the diseases of the liver, gallbladder and biliary tracts

The food should be taken regularly thought the day (5-6 meals per day), avoid overeating (the last meal 3 hours before going to bed). Do not eat the cold food (refrigerated juice, water, ice cream). The food should be warm, steamed, boiled or baked.

 

 

 

Recommended:

 

Forbidden:

 

 

 

 

 

Meat products

 

Boiled lean meat (veal, beef, rabbit, turkey, chicken), steamed cutlet, meatballs.

 

 

Fatty meat (pork), roasted meat, smoked sausage, canned food, by-products, goose , duck.

Fish

 

Non-fat boiled fish, seamed or baked (cod, pike perch, pike, hake).

 

 

Fried, smoked fat fish (sturgeon, catfish).

Eggs

 

To cook the meals. Not more than 1 egg per day: boiled (not hard-boiled) or steamed omelet.

 

 

Fried and raw eggs.

Soups

 

Vegetarian, cereal, with pasta, milk, fruits.

 

 

Rich broth (meat, fish, mushrooms).

Dairy products

 

Fresh, not-fat curds. Kefir, sour milk, acidophilous milk. Non-fat yogurt. Mild cheese. Non-fat sour cream as dressing.

 

 

Cream, fatty curds, sour cream, milk. Strong cheese.

Vegetables

 

Potato, beet, carrot, cauliflower, tomato, cucumber, zucchini (baked, boiled).

 

 

Radish, spinach, mushrooms, beans, marinated vegetables. Raw onion, garlic.

Fruits, berries

 

Apple, pear, melon, peach, apricot, non-acid berries, dried apricots, dried prune, seedless raisins. Mousse, jelly.

 

 

Acid berries, nuts, almonds.

Bakery products

 

Rye, wheat, yesterday, dry bread, hard biscuits.

 

 

Dried crust, cakes, pastry with cream, pancakes, thick pancakes.

Fats

 

Butter, vegetable oil (20-30 g per day).

 

 

Lard, margarine, rendered pork fat.

Porridges

 

Buckwheat porridge, oatmeal porridge, semolina porridge.

 

 

Millet porridge.

Sweets

 

Honey, marshmallow sticks, fruit jelly.

 

 

Chocolate, candies, ice cream.

Drinks

 

Vegetable, fruit juices, kissel, stewed fruit, fruit drinks, mineral water Esentuki No. 4, 14, Morshinskaya.

 

Alcoholic beverages, strong tea and coffee, refrigerated carbonated drinks.