Many people are not aware of their problems with the liver for a long time and, unfortunately, learn about the existence of the disease when it is too late.
The problem is that the liver is not only a "hard-working, but also a patient organ" and it can be "silent" about its function disorders for a long time, without manifesting the symptoms and signs of a disease.
The occasional discomfort, pain and heaviness in the right hypochondrium often tells about the problems with the gall bladder and pancreas.
You should pay attention to the following factors to prevent the development of the liver disorders and stop its destruction.
General weakness, significant fatigue, lack of energy.
This effect is primarily related to the increased intoxication, which is caused by the products of metabolism of the microorganisms and viruses, and be the foreign toxins. The barrier function of the liver is weakened.
Changes of the skin.
Pale skin can be observed in chronic, long-term liver pathologies, for example, in patients with cirrhosis or hepatitis. Often the liver diseases can cause the skin pigmentation disorders - the skin becomes gray or bronze. Chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis are also characterized by the symmetrical redness of the palms and soles, which become pale when pressed, but soon take a normal color. If the outflow of bile is impaired, the symptoms include the plaques on the elbows, veins, knees, feet, buttocks.
Jaundice. The most specific sign, which is characteristic for certain hepatic diseases. It is a yellowing of the mucous membranes, skin, sclera due to excessive accumulation of bilirubin in the blood. Jaundice develops due to the hepatic dysfunction, which includes the binding of bilirubin and its further release with bile. Most often the jaundice is observed in hepatitis and cirrhosis.
The can be manifested as the loose stool and constipation, flatulence (bloating), belching, heaviness in the upper abdomen between the rib angles. The stool quality changes. It becomes oily - steatorrhea, which is associated with malabsorption and fat digestion disorder.
Elevation of temperature
Liver diseases are often accompanied by the rise of the body temperature - fever. Fever is a protective reaction of the organism to the causative factor. The immune responses, aimed to kill the infectious agent, are more effective when the temperature is increased. Normal temperature is up to 38 °C at the disease onset if it is well tolerated and lasts up to five days. In this case, intake of the antipyretic drugs is not recommended.
In hepatitis and cirrhosis, the body temperature usually does not rise above 38 °C and it is maintained at 37-37.5 °C. It may be normal (36.6 °C) during the day and rise only in the evening.
Loss of hair in the armpits and pubis is possible due to the hormonal balance disorder that accompanies the chronic liver disease. The men may develop the breast enlargement – gynecomastia.
Poor prognostic sign of the chronic hepatitis and as a result of the cirrhosis or independently developed cirrhosis is an increase of the cutaneous veins in the abdomen. It is related to the disorders of the venous outflow in the portal vein through the liver. Therefore, blood from the abdominal organs is circulating through the veins of the abdominal wall, which are increased due to it. Venous network, which is developed in the abdomen, is called "head of medusa" as it resembles the original.
Sometimes one can hear the words “fetor hepaticus”. It has a sweet fragrance similar to the smell of the fresh liver or overripe fruits. You can smell it in the patient breath. This smell is caused by metabolism disorders of the amino acids and aromatic compounds.
All of the above mentioned symptoms provide an expressive, but not complete picture of the disease. Ultrasound investigation is one of the informative modern methods of examination of the liver and biliary tracts. Blood biochemistry is the indicative laboratory method.
If you suspect liver disease, consult the doctor. He/she will prescribe the necessary tests and chose the treatment appropriate for you to bring back the health of your liver.