Hepatosis

Hetatosis is an acute or chronic liver disease of non-inflammatory nature. It is based on the pathological changes of the functional hepatic cells - hepatocytes.

There are different types of steatosis and hepatitis.

Fatty hepatosis (hepatic steatosis, fatty degeneration of liver, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease). It is a chronic disease, in which the hepatic cells are transformed into the fatty tissue. The most common cause of fatty hepatosis is overweight, overeating, excess intake of the fatty food.  The second common cause of the disease is the use of the alcoholic beverages. Moreover, even small, but the daily dose of alcohol may result in the developing of fatty liver. The third common cause is the long-term use of the medicinal products, which have a negative effect on the hepatic cells.

The fatty disease may lead to the hepatic tissue inflammation (steatohepatitis), cirrhosis and even the cancer (in rare cases).

Pigmentary hepatosis (benign hyperbilirubinemia). Hereditary pathology, which is manifested as the chronic or intermittent jaundice without any hepatic dysfunction and changes in its structure. Typically, the disease is detected in the early childhood. Symptoms of the pigmentary hepatosisare usually mild; they can be aggravated by the inappropriate diet and physical overstrain. Mild dyspepsia may occur, liver is usually not enlarged, sometimes weakness, fatigue are developed.

Cholestatic hepatosis. It is characterized by cholestasis - a disorder of the production and outflow of bile, its insufficient entry into the duodenum. Accumulation of the bile pigment in the hepatic cells is also observed. The cause of this type of hepatosis is the effect of the toxins on the liver. It also can develop at the end of the pregnancy. Cholestatic hepatosis is often develops into hepatitis.

Itching, pain and heaviness in the right hypochondrium, enlarged liver, rapid fatigue, development of lipomas on the skin, jaundice, dark urine, discoloration of feces.