Being overweight is not only ugly, but not safe. The reason for the sudden weight gain can be in chronic systemic diseases, reduced motor activity, etc. But the main thing is that the extra kilos work like a time bomb.
The hazards of obesity:
● cardiovascular system activity disorders — the risk of atherosclerosis increases, coronary heart disease and hypertension become much younger (which makes an infarction or a stroke closer);
● problems with the respiratory organs — shortness of breath even with minor loads, frequent pneumonia, bronchitis, oxygen starvation of the body;
● GI tract overload — the stomach increases in size, motility slows down, patients begin to complain of gastritis, constipation, flatulence;
● fatty degeneration and, as a result, liver pathologies, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, cholangitis;
● increased burden on bones, joints, spinal curvature, arthrosis, disc hernia;
● neurosis-like symptoms, dizziness, migraines, memory impairment, difficulty in cerebral circulation;
● changes in the functions of the genitals — developmental delay, cycle failure;
● hyperhidrosis, reduced trophism and, as a result, dermatitis, eczema, furunculosis;
● prediabetes (the risk of relevant diagnosis increases abruptly).
All conditions are dangerous, can lead to serious health problems, death. Therefore, the problem must be treated.
Exogenous factors are interpreted by doctors as the excess of energy that comes from food over energy expenditures. Only 200 extra kcal per day (this is one bun) — and 7 extra kg per year are guaranteed. Unhealthy diet, sedentary lifestyle, stress, lack of sleep further aggravate the situation. Hereditary factors must also be taken into account — if the parents are slim, children rarely have weight problems, and vice versa. With obesity in mother and father, the child will face this problem with 80% probability.
Constitutional obesity develops most often after 6 years, particular caution should be exercised during puberty. Watch the weight of your son or daughter — many health problems develop with excess weight, the risks of facing obesity in adulthood increase significantly.
The easiest way to calculate the optimal body weight is to use a BMI index. It is equal to the square of the weight divided by the height in meters. Normally, the values do not exceed 5-85 percentiles, 85-95 percentiles are pre-obesity (but the situation can still be corrected), if the BMI is above 95 percentiles, obesity is diagnosed. Another popular method is the percentage method.
- pre-obesity — body weight above normal by no more than 20%;
- obesity degree I — 20-29%;
- degree II — up to 49%;
- degree III — 50 to 99%;
- degree IV — 100% or more.
Pre-obesity is already sufficient reason to take actions. The further, the harder it will be to lose weight.
What to do
Diet is the main way to treat obesity in children. It will be necessary to eat often and gradually, to chew food slowly, to consume the most high-calorie meals in the first half of the day. Limit carbohydrates, fats too — focus on protein, fiber. A child does not need much salt and water.
Monotonous diets are unacceptable, but fasting days may be helpful. Permanent medical follow-up is obligatory, correction of the diet of the whole family can be helpful. To speed up the metabolism, you can give Betargin to your child. Betargin normalizes metabolism, removes toxins, supports the liver. The age-related restriction for use is the age less than 3 years old.