Diet for acetonemic syndrome

Acetonemia is a pathological condition of the body, characterized by an increased content of ketone bodies in the urine. There is a characteristic sharp smell of acetone, there may be occasional vomiting (especially often it worries in childhood). Diet with elevated acetone is the main method of treatment — proper nutrition speeds up recovery.

Causes of the syndrome

There are a number of factors that can trigger acetonemic syndrome. These include allergies, stress, injury, infection, but more often the content of ketone bodies increases dramatically as a result of improper diet. If the diet contains a lot of fatty foods, canned food, the risks of acetonemia increase significantly. Small children are at risk because the adult organism is more stable and relatively calmly tolerates such food loads. As a rule, when a child begins to vomit attacks, parents can remember what he had eaten in recent times, and accurately determine the cause of the problem.

What to do

After the start of the attack, you need to adjust the drinking regime. If you drink a lot right away because of vomiting, you can literally give a tablespoon of water. Pediatricians recommend that children prepare a rehydron solution, it will also be useful for adults (but for a child a single dose is a tablespoon, and for an adult a few sips). The drug will stop dehydration, loss of electrolytes. It is possible to replace rehydron with mineral water, from which gases are pre-released. Not bad for a crisp compote of dried fruits.
When vomiting is strong, doctors recommend discarding food altogether. As the state improves, diet breads and rye crackers are introduced into the diet. Continue to use the brine, drink at least 2 liters of water per day. Good at achenotomy rice porridge or a decoction of cereals. Make porridge liquid, grind on a blender. Do not use salt, butter, or spices.
Gradually, baked apples and ground potato soup with rice are introduced into the diet. Onions, carrots in cooking can be used, but without frying in vegetable oil. Strict diets need to adhere to the first five days, then focus on the state of health. If the condition is bad, it will take a long time to recover. Causes that caused acetonemia also affect recovery. Expand the diet gradually due to vegetable soups without zazharki, boiled meat. Beans, mushrooms are banned for a long time. Fatty meats will have to be eliminated for a while, the same can be said about fish. Meat products are recommended to boil and grind on a blender. Cottage cheese and cheese can be eaten, but milk is undesirable.

Potatoes, pasta, steamed vegetables are also excluded for a while. Butter is allowed, but up to 30 g per day. Kashi — oatmeal, rice, buckwheat, yachka, corn. They are cooked in water, you can add a little milk. Sharp, smoked, fried, fatty cleaned completely — these dishes can provoke another attack. Condiments, spices are excluded from the diet until full recovery. Since the semifinished products include many by-products, they are also removed from the table for a while. Bread — only stale, in small quantities, not baking, baking. Cookies — oatmeal or galetny.

Fruits can cause bloating — there are no strict restrictions on their use, but extra care will not hurt. The optimal number of meals per day — 6.


The main way to prevent acetonemia is to eliminate products that can cause seizures from the diet. Refuse fatty rich soups, gastronomy and other potentially dangerous products, crackers, chips. Fasting can not be long, especially in front of heavy meals. You need to drink a lot — fruit drinks, compotes, water without gas, herbal decoctions. Favors are permissible, but they should not be regular.

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