How is cirrhosis treated?

Excess fibrous tissue leads to a change in the structure of the organ, cirrhosis gradually begins to develop. Fibrous tissue in large volumes begins to form as a result of large-scale inflammatory processes. For a long time, complex symptoms are usually not observed, and the patient finds the disease already in fairly advanced forms.
Liver cirrhosis is a serious disease that requires prolonged, severe treatment. The development of pathology leads to various factors that can be controlled and, accordingly, adjusted. The diagnosis is made with the launch of large-scale lesions of the body, when the pathological changes become irreversible. Inflammatory processes are constantly progressing, with the result that hepatocytes massively regenerate into fibrous tissue. The process is immune-inflammatory.
Changes are very dangerous because they lead to serious structural changes in the liver. Hepatocytes are very important cellular structures that solve a number of problems. When they change, metabolic processes, secretory activity are disrupted, toxins and other harmful substances are not eliminated. That is, the liver no longer fulfills its functions in full, the decay products enter the circulatory system and circulate in it.

Interesting to know. Men with cirrhosis of the liver suffer three times more often than women.
The peak of the development of the disease occurs at the age of more than 40 years.

Stages of development of pathology

Treatment and symptoms of liver cirrhosis depend on the stage of development of the pathology. It is shown by specific laboratory tests.
Features of each stage of development:

The first — signs of cirrhosis of the liver as such are absent, because the disease is compensated. Blood tests show a critical decrease in bilirubin and prothrombin index

The second — nonspecific symptoms such as migraines, apathy, weakness, nausea, disorders of the stool, problems with appetite, bleeding gums appear. Men can observe the growth of the mammary glands in size, baldness. The second stage is subcompensated — the process can be returned to the compensation stage

The third — ascites and liver failure are progressing, fluid accumulates in the abdominal cavity. The terminal stage of pathology develops, the skin, the whites of the eyes acquire a yellowish tint. Severe complications up to a lethal outcome are possible

The earlier treatment of cirrhosis is initiated, the lower the risks of developing liver cancer, portal vein thrombosis, internal bleeding, and hepatic coma. For timely diagnosis, take blood tests to determine the stage of fibrosis, the degree of necro-inflammatory process.

Projections depend on the form of the disease — in general, it is more than 50% of all patients during the 10-year rock. The worst outcome will be with decompensation — in this case, up to 40% of patients live no more than 3 years.

How to treat

In each case, the doctor selects the treatment scheme individually, it is very important to establish proper nutrition for liver cirrhosis. Hepatotoxic drugs, alcohol will need to be excluded. Hepatoprotective drugs and vitamins support the liver.

If the pathology is infectious in nature, antiviral drugs are prescribed. The essence of treatment is reduced not to complete recovery, but to secondary prevention. Formed cirrhosis refers to incurable, irreversible conditions.

Nutrition — diet number five. It involves the complete exclusion of fatty, fried foods, frequent fractional meals. It is desirable to cook for a couple or stew, it will be important to establish a drinking regime. Salt limit up to 10 per day, alcohol removed altogether. Canned food, marinades, pickles, confectionery, smoked foods exclude, like any fatty foods, confectionery, sweet soda, coffee, tea.

A good support for the liver at the time of recovery gives the drug Betargin. It restores normal regeneration processes, eliminates the effects of toxic effects. Before taking consult your doctor.

Other articles

All articles loaded
No more articles to load