The peak of the development of the disease occurs at the age of more than 40 years.
Stages of development of pathology
The first — signs of cirrhosis of the liver as such are absent, because the disease is compensated. Blood tests show a critical decrease in bilirubin and prothrombin index
The second — nonspecific symptoms such as migraines, apathy, weakness, nausea, disorders of the stool, problems with appetite, bleeding gums appear. Men can observe the growth of the mammary glands in size, baldness. The second stage is subcompensated — the process can be returned to the compensation stage
The earlier treatment of cirrhosis is initiated, the lower the risks of developing liver cancer, portal vein thrombosis, internal bleeding, and hepatic coma. For timely diagnosis, take blood tests to determine the stage of fibrosis, the degree of necro-inflammatory process.
Projections depend on the form of the disease — in general, it is more than 50% of all patients during the 10-year rock. The worst outcome will be with decompensation — in this case, up to 40% of patients live no more than 3 years.
How to treat
In each case, the doctor selects the treatment scheme individually, it is very important to establish proper nutrition for liver cirrhosis. Hepatotoxic drugs, alcohol will need to be excluded. Hepatoprotective drugs and vitamins support the liver.
Nutrition — diet number five. It involves the complete exclusion of fatty, fried foods, frequent fractional meals. It is desirable to cook for a couple or stew, it will be important to establish a drinking regime. Salt limit up to 10 per day, alcohol removed altogether. Canned food, marinades, pickles, confectionery, smoked foods exclude, like any fatty foods, confectionery, sweet soda, coffee, tea.